The federal government and Canadian provinces and territories have been welcoming permanent residents through three main avenues:
- Economic immigrants bringing both capital and labour skills,
- Family members sponsored under the family reunification program,
- Refugees who are accepted into the country on humanitarian and compassionate grounds.
The economic class accounts for the largest share of immigration to Canada, with 6 in 10 immigrants selected for their positive impact on the economy.
Most economic immigrants are highly skilled workers who apply from abroad, as well as highly skilled temporary workers and international students already living in Canada.
Eligible immigration candidates who enter the Express Entry pool are ranked based on a the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) which awards points for age, education, work experience and proficiency in English and/or French.
In addition, the federal government has a host of pilot programs that fall under the economic category
Canada’s Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) has grown substantially since its introduction in the 1990s and has now become the second most important avenue for skilled foreign workers to obtain permanent residence in Canada, after the Express Entry system.
The PNP allows participating Canadian provinces and territories to nominate a set number of immigration candidates for permanent residence each year through its own unique program.
Each of these programs is designed to provide Canadian provinces, with greater flexibility and the ability to tailor economic immigration to their specific labour market needs and overall economic development priorities.
(Source CIC News, edited)